The full article is here:A trailblazing computer scientist, brilliant mathematician and teacher, and dedicated public servant, Hopper received a master’s degree in mathematics (1930) and a Ph.D. in mathematics and mathematical physics (1934) from Yale. She taught mathematics at Vassar for nearly a decade before enlisting in the U.S. Navy, where she used her mathematical knowledge to fight fascism during World War II.
A collaborator on the earliest computers, Hopper made her greatest contributions in the realm of software. In 1952 she and her team developed the first computer language “compiler,” which would make it possible to write programs for multiple computers rather than a single machine. Hopper then pioneered the development of word-based computer languages, and she was instrumental in developing COBOL, the most widely used computer language in the world by the 1970s.
Hopper’s groundbreaking work helped make computers more accessible to a wider range of users and vastly expanded their application. A naval reservist for 20 years, she was recalled to active service at the age of 60. Hopper retired as a rear admiral at the age of 79, the oldest serving officer in the U.S. armed forces at that time.
http://news.yale.edu/2017/02/11/yale-ch ... y-hopper-0
The reason for the name change is straightforward. In 1931 Yale named one of its undergraduate residential "colleges" for John C. Calhoun, a Yale graduate who became vice president, secretary of state, secretary of war, and a U.S. senator from South Carolina. But he was also strongly pro-slavery, not just as a necessary evil but a positive good - in effect a deep-dyed racist and proud of it. Why Yale thought Calhoun's career and character merited naming one of its colleges for him, the article doesn't say, only that "Although it is not clear exactly how Calhoun’s proslavery and racist views figured in the 1931 naming decision, depictions in the college celebrating plantation life and the 'Old South' suggest that Calhoun was honored not simply as a statesman and political theorist but in full contemplation of his unique place in the history of slavery." Shame on them, and kudos to Yale for finally righting an egregious wrong.